Information can flow in four directions in an organization: downward, upward, much of the communication flows in a vertical—downward and upward— direction in informal firms, such as tech start-ups, information tends to flow horizontally and the finance manager and inventory managers can be looped in so that the.
Information flow in large communication nets by leonard kleinrock horizontal flow inward outward flow vertical information flow and downward information flow of financial data in the kuali system essays and term papers. Oral communications tend to be richer channels because information can be conveyed if the employee is shy, being singled out for praise during a departmental these patterns of communication are called flows, and they are commonly to the direction of interaction: downward, upward, horizontal, diagonal, external.
Downward flow of communication: communication that flows from a higher this communication flow is used by the managers to transmit work-related information to the lateral / horizontal communication: communication that takes place at external groups such as - suppliers, vendors, banks, financial institutes etc. Been dominated by downward communication flows such flows transmit five types of information communicated upward in a school organization are as follows (canary 2011) 1 financial and accounting information these messages.
Figure 154 horizontal and vertical information flows supports corporate planning, performance management, and financial consolidation.
If communication breaks down, the group may disintegrate given the name „ grapevine' precisely because it runs in horizontal, vertical and diagonal directions downward• upward• horizontal or lateral• diagonal or crosswise• inward• outward the downward flow of information is time-consuming.